Urinary Stone

Urinary Stone

A urinary stone, also known as a renal calculus is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine. Urinary stones are typically classified by their location in the kidney (nephrolithiasis), ureter (ureterolithiasis), or bladder (cystolithiasis), or by their chemical composition (calcium-containing, struvite, uric acid, or other compounds). About 80% of those with kidney stones are men. Men most commonly experience their first episode between 30 and 40 years of age, while for women the age at first presentation is somewhat later.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain in the back, belly, or side
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Urgent need to go
  • Blood in the urine
  • Cloudy or smelly urine
  • Going a small amount at a time
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Fever and chills

Dietary factors that increase the risk of stone formation include low fluid intake and high dietary intake of animal protein, sodium, refined sugars, fructose and high fructose corn syrup, oxalate, grapefruit juice, apple juice, and cola drinks.

Investigation for Urinary Stones

  • Kidney Function Test
  • Urine Routine & Microscopy
  • Microscopic examination
  • Ultrasound Whole Abdomen with Kidney, Ureter & Bladder (KUB)
  • Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
  • X-Ray KUB
  • Spiral CT plain and contrast
Home Visit for Special Case

Contact Us

On facebook