Kidney is one of the most vital organs in the human body. It is responsible to perform an important function of the body. It filters waste from your blood and excretes that waste out of the body in the form of urine. The kidney also helps the human body to maintain body fluid and electrolyte balance. A kidney transplant is also known as a renal transplant. A kidney transplant is a surgery used to insert a healthy kidney into a patient.
Patients who are not candidates for kidney transplantation or who have to wait for a Donor can usually be treated with either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
Who is Eligible for Kidney Transplant?
The individual should not have any serious underlying medical conditions like cancer, advanced heart disease, liver disease, uncontrolled mental illness, etc.
The individual should not smoke, consume alcohol or use illicit drugs
The individual should not be of advanced age.
The donor should not be diabetic.
The donor should be healthy and also typically a blood relative in the family or a brain-dead cadaveric donor.
There is also a big shortage of organ donors.
After a transplant, lifelong medicines are required along with periodic checkups with specialists to avoid rejection of the transplanted kidney.
When will Kidney Transplantation Need?
As the kidneys lose their ability to function, fluid, waste products, and electrolytes begin to build up in the blood. Dialysis should begin before kidney disease has advanced to the point where life-threatening complications occur. This usually takes many months or years after kidney disease is first discovered, although sometimes severe kidney failure is discovered for the first time in people who were not previously known to have kidney disease.
After your successful kidney transplant, compared to being on dialysis it will important to have a healthy well balanced diet to help protect your new kidney
Prof (Dr) D Mukherjee is an alumnus of the prestigious Armed Forces Medical College, Pune where he did his MBBS & MD (Medicine). Subsequently he went on to do his DM (Nephrology) from PGIMER Chandigarh, which is the foremost training institution for nephrology in India.