A high flux dialysis is an advanced form of hemodialysis, which is a treatment for individuals with kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease. In hemodialysis, the process involves using a machine to filter and cleanse the blood when the kidneys are no longer able to perform this function adequately. The blood is pumped through a dialyzer, also known as an artificial kidney, to remove waste products, excess fluids, and electrolytes from the bloodstream.
In traditional or conventional hemodialysis, a low-flux dialyzer is often used. Low-flux dialyzers are effective in removing waste products but have limitations in removing larger molecules, such as certain middle-sized molecules and some inflammatory substances. High flux dialysis, on the other hand, utilizes a more permeable dialyzer membrane, allowing for enhanced clearance of larger molecules during the dialysis treatment.
The main advantages of high-flux dialysis include:
Improved Toxin Clearance:
High flux dialysis is more efficient in removing larger molecules like beta-2-microglobulin, which can accumulate in the body and contribute to long-term health complications.
Reduced Risk of Complications:
By better clearing toxins and waste products, high flux dialysis may potentially lead to a reduced risk of certain dialysis-related complications and conditions associated with kidney failure
Better Nutrient Retention:
High-flux dialysis can preserve essential nutrients and proteins more effectively than low-flux dialysis, leading to improved nutritional status for the patient.
Enhanced Removal of Inflammatory Substances:
High flux dialysis is more capable of removing certain inflammatory substances, which may be beneficial for individuals with chronic inflammation related to kidney failure.
It’s important to note that not all patients may require high-flux dialysis. The choice between high-flux and low-flux dialysis depends on individual patient needs, their medical condition, and the recommendation of our best nephrologist Dr. Debabrata Mukherjee, High-flux dialysis may not be suitable for everyone, and it requires careful monitoring and adjustments to ensure the best outcomes.
Ultimately, the goal of high flux dialysis, like any form of dialysis
To help manage kidney failure
To improve the patient’s quality of life, and
To provide them with a bridge to a kidney transplant if they are eligible for one.